Safe-D: Safety through Disruption

Exploring the Safety Impacts of the Older Population’s Access to Automated Vehicles and Telemedicine: A Real-World Experiment in Small and Rural Communities (ENDEAVRide)


In fall 2020, a novel autonomous-vehicle (AV) service named ENDEAVRide will start pilot testing in Nolanville, a typical rural town in central Texas. The AV will serve as a taxicab and a mobile telemedicine portal. This project marks the first attempt to conduct a real-world assessment of AV’s potential safety impacts as a disruptive technology to offer older adults a pathway to continued independent mobility in underserved communities. Collaborating with industry partners, we will explore how older adults (60+) can more safely transit and get access to health care with a “2-in-1” (taxi + telemedicine) service delivered via autonomous vehicles. The perceived and objective safety impacts of this novel service will be explored along with changing travel patterns and reduced healthcare trips.

Project Highlights

Coming Soon!

Final Report

05-109 Final Report

EWD & T2 Products

ENDEAVRide site can be found here.


Wei, L., Dadashova, B., Usman, M. and Roscom, K., (2023, May 4). Autonomous Vehicles for Small Towns: System, Service, and Safety from Research to Practice. Webinar SafeD Virtual Webinar is available here. PDF of PowerPoint slides from Webinar available here.

Research Investigators (PI*)

Wei Li (TTI/TAMU)*
Bahar Dadashova (TTI/TAMU)
Xinyue Ye (TTI/TAMU)
Xiao Li (TTI/TAMU)
Marcia Ory (TTI/TAMU)
Chanam Lee (TTI/TAMU)
Kiju Lee (TTI/TAMU)
Sivakumar Rathinam (TTI/TAMU)
Muhammad Usman (Student-TTI/TAMU)

Project Information

Start Date: 2020-01-09
End Date: 2023-31-05
Status: Active
Grant Number: 69A3551747115
Total Funding: $494,855
Source Organization: Safe-D National UTC
Project Number: 05-109

Safe-D Theme Areas

Automated Vehicles
Transportation as a Service

Safe-D Application Areas

Risk Assessment
Vulnerable Users
Planning for Safety
Vehicle Technology
Planning for Safety

More Information

UTC Project Information Form

Sponsor Organization

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
University Transportation Centers Program
Department of Transportation
Washington, DC 20590 United States

Performing Organization

Texas A&M University
Texas A&M Transportation Institute
3135 TAMU
College Station, Texas 77843-3135