Safe-D: Safety through Disruption

The Future of Parking: Safety Benefits and Challenges



Although parking facilities are one of the main components of transportation infrastructure, little is known about the incidence of crashes, injuries, and fatalities that occur because of parking. Parking facilities are intense driving environments that require both drivers and pedestrians to pay close attention. Slower speeds in parking facilities give people a false sense of security. This situation is clearly reflected in non-motor traffic crash statistics (i.e. crashes that occur off-public roadways), as most non-traffic motor crashes occur in parking facilities or private roads. With the emerging technologies, the parking experience is expected to be improved. Car manufacturers have been working on the development of self-driving and self-parking features. The goal of this research is to explore parking facility design and operational change recommendations to improve parking safety in light of the advent of self-parking features. The research team will identify potential design changes and self-parking penetration scenarios to improve safety. Expected changes of the parking and street design will be assessed in terms of the reduced number of conflicts for pedestrians and other vehicles using microsimulation techniques.

Project Highlights

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Final Report

TTI-06-02 Final Report 

EWD & T2 Products

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A one-pager based on the project finds can be found here


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Final Dataset

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Research Investigators (PI*)

Okan Gurbuz (TTI/TAMU)*
Rafael Aldrete (TTI/TAMU)*
David Salgado (TTI/TAMU)
Mario Vazquez Ostos (TTI/TAMU-Student)

Project Information

Start Date: 2021-04-01
End Date: 2022-08-31
Status: Complete
Grant Number: 69A3551747115
Total Funding: $117,164
Source Organization: Safe-D National UTC
Project Number: TTI-06-02

Safe-D Theme Areas

Automated Vehicles
Connected Vehicles

Safe-D Application Areas

Risk Assessment
Vulnerable Users
Planning for Safety
Operations and Design

More Information

UTC Project Information Form

Sponsor Organization

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
University Transportation Centers Program
Department of Transportation
Washington, DC 20590 United States

Performing Organization

Texas A&M University
Texas A&M Transportation Institute
3135 TAMU
College Station, Texas 77843-3135