Safe-D: Safety through Disruption

Human Factors of Level 3 Automation: Surprise Event Response Evaluation


Level 3 automation is the first automation level that turns over supervising the driving task to the vehicle. The extent that this capability will be wanted and used by drivers is likely driven at least in part by the driver’s ability and desire to do non-driving tasks for extended periods of time. This project will be an extension of previous Ford and VTTI collaborations to assess driver’s response during a surprise event. A test platform, based on 2019 Edge and built as part of a previous collaboration, will be used to effectively provide drivers with a level 3 automation driving experience on a real-freeway at highway speeds.

Project Highlights

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Final Report

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EWD & T2 Products

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Research Investigators (PI*)

Jon Hankey (VTTI)*
Sheldon Russel (VTTI/VT)
Nick Britten (Student-VT)

Project Information

Start Date: 2021-01-05
End Date: 2022-01-05
Status: Active
Grant Number: 69A3551747115
Total Funding: $2,050,000
Source Organization: Safe-D National UTC
Project Number: VTTI-00-033

Safe-D Theme Areas

Automated Vehicles

Safe-D Application Areas

Risk Assessment
Driver Factors and Influences
Performance Measures
Vehicle Technology

More Information

UTC Project Information Form

Sponsor Organization

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
University Transportation Centers Program
Department of Transportation
Washington, DC 20590 United States

Performing Organization

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
3500 Transportation Research Plaza
Blacksburg, Virginia 24061